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Brief talk: Development and application Inertial navigation technology and sensor

2019-12-23 00:00
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Inertial navigation is ahigh and advanced technology, only a few countries in the world have theability to develop inertial technology products.Inertial navigation system has the unique advantages of autonomy,concealment, anti-jamming, navigation information continuity and so on. It isnecessary for many weapon systems, occupies an important position in nationaldefense science and technology, and is one of the important symbols to measurea country's science and military strength.

Inertial navigation systemis a system product which is integrated by inertial sensors such as gyroscope、acceleration sensor and navigation algorithm software.Gyroscope and acceleration sensor are the core devices, which play a decisiverole in the accuracy of the system.Inertial navigation products mainly include inertial navigation system(INS), attitude referencesystem(AHRS) and inertial measurement unit(IMU). Among them, INS can providethree-dimensional motion parameters such as acceleration and angular velocityof the carrier, and obtain important information such as the position andattitude of the carrier according to the above parameters. AHRS usesacceleration sensor, gyroscope and electronic compass to measure the motionparameters and azimuth of the carrier. Through processing and calculating themeasured values, the real-time tracking and monitoring of the position andmotion state of the carrier is realized. IMU is a device which usesacceleration sensor and gyroscope to measure the acceleration and angularvelocity of the carrier in order to get the motion and state of the carrier ininertial reference frame.

Inertial navigation wasoriginally designed for military needs. It mainly provides navigation andcontrol services for aviation, space, ground and maritime military users. It isthe core and key technology product of modern national defense system. It iswidely used in military aircraft, missiles, ships, nuclear submarines andtanks. In 2015, the market capacity of inertial products for R&D andnational defense equipment in China will reach 29.3 billion yuan.

The MEMS inertial sensordevice is the third generation inertial device after the traditional mechanicalinertial device and optical inertial device. It is the key component ofnavigation system to achieve high precision, high reliability, low cost,miniaturization, high load, wider application field, and represents theimportant development direction of the inertial device.In addition to thetraditional inertial navigation field, it will be more applicable to newmarkets such as guided artillery and smart ammunition fuse in the future, withnearly 10 billion new space added.

For a long time, Europeanand American countries have invested heavily in inertial navigation products,started early in research, and had obvious advantages in technology andproducts, but blocked and prohibited the export of Chinese technology. Relatively,there are still many differences between China's inertial navigation productsand developed countries in terms of technical level and product performance.

In recent years, China'senterprises engaged in research and development of inertial technology productsand production in the field of national defense have been dominated by severalmilitary industry research institutes such as aerospace and weapons. They haveturned into some private companies relying on their own technologicaladvantages and relatively flexible operating mechanisms to seek marketdevelopment opportunities, and gradually established a relatively leadingposition in the inertial navigation industry in China.

Author: Sensor Information Source:Sensor Expert Network

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